If you find the bicycle too slow, the motorcycle too dangerous and the car too expensive, you may be interested in another means of transportation: the moped. This is not a specific type of vehicle, but a whole class of vehicles, which includes u. a. Mopeds, light mopeds, S-pedelecs and motor scooters belong to this category. The following guide reveals which regulations you have to observe when you take to the road on a moped.
Do I need a driver's license to drive a moped??
As a rule yes. If you want to drive a moped, you must have a driver's license class AM. If you already have a driving license of class B, A1, A2, A or T, the class AM is already included in it. For a moped only a test certificate is required, but even this is not necessary if you already have a driver's license (any class). And were you registered before the 1. If you were born on or after April 1965, you do not even need a test certificate or a driver's license to drive a moped.
Do I have to take out insurance for my moped??
Yes, you are obliged to take out liability insurance for your moped and to have it marked with an insurance plate. Without insurance, you may face a fine or even imprisonment.
Am I allowed to pull a trailer with a moped??
Yes, it is allowed to carry a trailer behind your moped.
The definition of "moped
Strictly speaking, the term "moped" hides two vehicle classes, which are defined in Annex XXIX Appendix 2 of the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations (StVZO):
L1e = two-wheeled mopeds with ..
- with a maximum design speed of max. 45 km/h
- a cubic capacity of max. 50 cm³ (only with combustion engine)
- have a maximum continuous rated power of up to 4 kW (only for electric motors)
L2e = three-wheeled mopeds with ..
- a design-related maximum speed of max. 45 km/h
- a cubic capacity of max. 50 cm³ (only with gasoline engine)
- a maximum useful power of up to 4 kW (for other combustion engines)
- a maximum rated continuous power of up to 4 kW (only for electric motors)
Based on these characteristics, it is relatively easy to distinguish the moped from the light motorcycle (cubic capacity between 50 cm³ and 125 cm³ and max. 15 hp) and to be distinguished from the "real" motorcycle (no restrictions on engine displacement and power).
Mopeds include, in particular, mopeds, light mopeds, mopeds, S-pedelecs and scooters.
Which regulations apply to mopeds?
The definition above will help clarify whether or not a particular vehicle model is a moped. This is important because the vehicle class determines which regulations must be observed with that vehicle.
In the following, we would like to explain the most important rules that you must observe with a moped.
The right driving license class and minimum age
To be allowed to drive a moped in public areas, you need the driving license class AM. This is stipulated in § 6 Abs. 1 of the driving license ordinance (FeV) states. You can acquire this class either by an appropriate driving school training with subsequent examination or you possess it long since, because you are already in the possession of a driving license of the classes A, A1, A2, B or T. Because these classes automatically include the class AM. You can also drive a moped with your car license and do not have to attend driving school again.
If you want to obtain the AM driving license at the driving school, you must meet the minimum age requirement. This was according to § 10 Abs. 1 FEV usually 16 years, but since April 2020, each state is free to lower the minimum age to 15 years. Many countries have also already done this such as z. B. Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. With this regulation, however, there is a requirement that license holders, as long as they have reached the age of 16. have not yet reached the age of 18, are only allowed to drive within the corresponding federal state.
There is also an exemption for mopeds whose maximum design speed is not more than 25 km/h (§ 4 Abs. 1 no. 1b FEV). You are allowed to ride these without a driving license. These are usually mopeds. For these you do not need a driver's license, but only a test certificate. You can also acquire these at the age of 15.
By the way, if you want to take a child under 7 years old on your moped, you must be at least 16 years old (§ 10 para. 4 FeV). This applies in every federal state and also on the moped. If you disregard this regulation, you will be fined 10 euros.
Licensing and insurance for mopeds
According to § 3 Abs. 2 No. 1d of the Vehicle Registration Ordinance (FZV), you do not need a registration for your moped, which is why it does not need to have a license plate. Likewise, there is no obligation to take your moped to the TuV regularly.
You must, however, take out liability insurance for your moped and attach an appropriate insurance plate to your vehicle. If this license plate is missing on your moped, you will be fined 40 euros. And if you have omitted to take out the mandatory liability insurance, you even commit a crime. According to § 6 Abs. 1 of the Compulsory Insurance Act (PflVG) can result in a fine or even imprisonment of up to one year.
The moped in the StVZO
Finally, we would like to list a few regulations of the StVZO in relation to the moped. These specify the requirements that must be met in order for your moped to be allowed to be driven on public roads. Thus, u. a. The following:
- Two-wheeled mopeds must have measures against unauthorized interference (d. h. against unauthorized modifications that may affect the environment or safety).
- The width of two-wheeled mopeds must not exceed 1 m.
- For the tires of mopeds, a tread depth of at least 1 mm is required.
- There is no obligation to equip a moped with a safety device against unauthorized use.
- Three-wheeled mopeds must be equipped with windshields, windshield wipers, windshield washers, defrosters and dryers.
- A moped does not need a turn signal.